Succulent Gardening: The Art of Nature

A thru Z | Aeonium | Agaves | Aloes | Cactaceae|
Caudiciforms | Cotyledons & Graptos | Cuttings|
Crassulas, Adromischus, Dudleyas + | Echeveria |
Euphorbia/Monadeniums | Ficus & Fockea |
Gasteria & Haworthia | Kalanchoes | Mesembs |
Othonna~Pelargonium | Sansevieria~Sempervivum |
POTS & Supplies | Sedum | Senecio | Specimens |











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Senecios

Click on photographs for enlargements and plant growing information

According to Wikipedia: Senecio is a genus of the daisy family (Asteraceae) that includes ragworts and groundsels. The flower heads are normally rayed, completely yellow, and the heads are borne in branched clusters. Senecio is one of the largest genera of flowering plants, and despite the separation of many species into other genera it still contains over 1000 species of varied form, including leaf, stem and tuber succulents, annuals, perennials, aquatics, climbers, shrubs and small trees. In colder climates, It is necessary to keep Senecio fairly dry during winter season or they will rot. They take moderate watering during warm growing period with very porous, well draining soil mix. Donít over-water, water is stored in their stems.


Senecio anteuphorbium

Senecio anteuphorbium, native to Morocco, forms a shrubby plant with many grayish-green upright branches with faint vertical striping. Tapered, fleshy grayish-green leaves are present along the upper half of the stems. Whitish-yellow "pom-pom" flowers typical of Compositae. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Bright light with ample airflow. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch. Less water during winter months. Protect from frost..

Senecio articulatus

Senecio articulatus, native to South Africa, forms clumps of jointed, very upright rounded glaucous blue stems with darker vertical striping. Stems are topped with a canopy of very serrated, very succulent leaves that are arrow-shaped. Member of Compositae (Aster Family) with compound flower florets ("pom-poms") comprised of many tiny yellow flowers. Tolerates both bright light and low light. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Bright light with ample airflow. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch. Less water during winter months. Protect from frost.

 
Senecio articulatus variagata
Senecio articulatus, native to South Africa, forms clumps of jointed, very upright rounded glaucous blue stems with darker vertical striping. Stems are topped with a canopy of very serrated, very succulent leaves that are arrow-shaped. Member of Compositae (Aster Family) with compound flower florets ("pom-poms") comprised of many tiny yellow flowers. Tolerates both bright light and low light. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Bright light with ample airflow. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch. Less water during winter months. Protect from frost.
Senecio barbertonicus Senecio articulatus, native to South Africa, forms clumps of jointed, very upright rounded glaucous blue stems with darker vertical striping. Stems are topped with a canopy of very serrated, very succulent leaves that are arrow-shaped. Member of Compositae (Aster Family) with compound flower florets ("pom-poms") comprised of many tiny yellow flowers. Tolerates both bright light and low light. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Bright light with ample airflow. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch. Less water during winter months. Protect from frost.
Senecio crassissimus

Senecio crassissimus, native to Madagascar, forms small subshrubs to 30" in height. Multiple stems with flattened obovate leaves to 2" long, narrowing at both tips. Leaves are glaucous gray, with a purple margin in strong light. Yellow "pom-pom" flowers typical of the Compositae. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Bright light with ample airflow. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch. Less water during winter months. Protect from frost.

Senecio haworthii Senecio haworthii, native to South Africa, forms long, tubular leaves with densely flocked white leaves. Member of Compositae (Aster) family. Flowers are yellowish orange. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Bright light with ample airflow. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch. Less water during winter months. Protect from frost.
Senecio kleinia A succulent sparingly branched winter growing shrub with gray bark on thick articulated (with constrictions like a sausage) stems that can grow to 6 to 10 feet tall and wide but usually seen in cultivation in the 4 to 5 foot range. It has narrow 3 to 5 inch long gray-green leaves near the branch tips that come directly on the stems without a petiole. Small whitish yellow fragrant flowers appear in later spring to summer on terminal short branched corymbs followed by white fluffy seed heads. It is frost hardy to 28 °F. Click photo for more information.
Senecio herreianus
Senecio herreianus, native to Namibia, is a member of Compositae (Aster) family. Forms long pendant stems with leaves that look like oval green "beads" with vertical translucent lines or "photosynthetic windows". As with other members of the Compositae family, flowers are similar to broccoli florets and are actually compound flowers composed of many tiny flowers. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Bright light with ample airflow. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch. Less water during winter months. Protect from frost.
Senecio jacobsenii Senecio jacobsenii, native to Kenya and Tanzania, is part of the Compositae (Aster) family. Grows laterally, forming semi-prostrate stems with fleshy, glaucous leaves. This is a variegated form, with white, lime green and dark green areas on the leaves. Leaves blush beautiful violet in cold temperatures. Often mistaken for a Jade plant. Excellent as hanging basket. Orange compound flowers typical for Compositae. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Bright light with ample airflow. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch. Less water during winter months. Protect from frost.
Senecio medley-woodii
Senecio medley-woodii, native to semi-tropical areas of Africa, forms shrub-like stands with shovel-shaped leaves that are densely felted with white wool. Member of Compositae (Asteraceae), with yellow daisy-like flowers to 1" in diameter. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Bright light with ample airflow. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch. Less water during winter months. Protect from frost.

 

Senecio oxyriifolius Senecio oxyriifolius is from Africa. It is similar to Senecio tropaeolifolius and sometimes hard to tell apart. Senecio oxyriifolius can be Propagated  by dividing the rhizomes. If you cut the rhizome into pieces most times it will start a new plant. You can also propagate by cuttings. In habitat oxyriifolius grow a mile above sea level..

Senecio pendulus

Senecio pendulus, native to Somalia and Kenya, forms prostrate mats of slender, waxy "cucumber"shaped stems. Stems are grayish-green, with delicate patterns of pale green. Stems often turn purplish in strong light. This plant has an unusual habit with the stems growing downward into the soil, only to re-emerge a few inches away in a repeating pattern! Known as the "Inchworm" for this peculiar habit. Has typical "compound" flowers of the genus, forming "pom-poms" comprised of many tiny red flowers. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Bright light with ample airflow. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch. Less water during winter months. Protect from frost.
Senecio radicans glauca
Senecio radicans glauca, native to South Africa, is commonly known as the "String of Bananas". Member of Compositae, or the Aster family. Stems have curious emerald green banana-shaped leaves with fascinating translucent "windows". Flowers are like pom-poms of many tiny white flowers and are fragrant. Quickly forms plush hanging baskets. Trhives in a bright room or with morning sun on a patio in temperate areas. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Bright light with ample airflow. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch. Less water during winter months. Protect from frost.
Senecio rowleyanus
string of pearls
Senecio rowleyanus, native to Namibia, Africa, has pendant stems to 3' or more with unusual round "leaves" giving the impression of a "string of pearls". The plant is a superb subject for a hanging basket, and can be in the house in a bright airy room, or outside in a protected patio. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Bright light with ample airflow. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch. Less water during winter months. Protect from frost.
Senecio scaposu Senecio scaposus, native to South Africa, forms cobwebby rosettes of long silver finger-like leaves. Silvery rosettes provide great accent for rock gardens. Member of the Aster family. Flowers are like bright yellow daisies. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Bright light with ample airflow. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch. Less water during winter months. Protect from frost. they bloom in winter/spring and require at least 36 degrees fahrenheit.
Senecio scaposus
var. addoensis

Origin and Habitat: Senecio scaposus var. addoensis is endemic to the Uitenhage District in the Eastern Cape, Republic of South Africa. It is restricted to an area of about 200 km², known from two locations (Addo Elephant National Park and Port Elizabeth).  Habitat and ecology: Kowie Thicket, Sundays Thicket, Groot Thicket. S. scaposus var. addoensis dwells on shallow soil among sandstone rocks over a east-facing rock mountainside. This taxon is declining due to trampling by people in the Baakens Valley in Port Elizabeth. click photo for complete information.
Senecio scaposus
var caulescens
Senecio scaposus, var caulescens are from the Eastern cape. Similar growth to scaposus. they are winter growers.
Senecio species Senecio species
Protect from frost.
Senecio stapeliaeformis Senecio stapeliaeformis, native to South Africa, forms 4-sided mottled stems very reminiscent of the stems of Stapelia or "Star Flower". Along the margins of the stems are small upright tapered deciduous leaves. Stems are frosty green with some darker green mottling and will blush purplish in bright light. Forms typical "pom-pom" flowers of the Compositae that are orange in color. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Bright light with ample airflow. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch. Less water during winter months. Protect from frost.

Senecio tropaeolifolius
Senecio tropaelifolius, native to Africa, forms a thickened, gnarly caudiciform-type base topped with irregularly rounded fleshy pale green leaves that are violet underneath. Natural bonsai subjects.Yellow florets (compound flowers formed of many tiny flowers). Porous soil with adequate drainage. Bright light with ample airflow. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch. Less water during winter months. Protect from frost. The plant in the photo is in an 8" pot and is probably about 7 years old.

Senecio species
Senecio species - blue ground cover
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