Succulent Gardening: The Art of Nature

A thru Z | Aeonium | Agaves | Aloes | Cactaceae|
Caudiciforms | Cotyledons & Graptos | Cuttings|
Crassulas, Adromischus & Dudleyas | Echeveria |
Euphorbia/Monadeniums | Ficus & Fockea |
Gasteria~Haworthia | Kalanchoes | Mesembs |
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IMPORTANT INFORMATION:
CHECK Dormancy Table to SEE WHAT'S GROWING & WHAT'S DORMANT

We remove some of the soil when we ship. There are usually no issues with a plants
out of soil or kept dry for a week or more. When you receive your plants, put them
into a pot with moist soil. Give
the roots opportunity to reachdown for water.
Please check to see if your plants should be watered at
the time of year you purchase. Some don't get a lot of water in winter and some not a lot of water in summer.
How often you water depends on how quickly your soil dries out. Most important, don't overwater.

The photos on our website represent what plants look like when growing.
We are not selling the plant in the photo.
Whether your plant has flowers depends on whether it is flowering at that time.
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so if you order 2 plants coming out of the same size pot, they may not be the same size.

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Caudiciforms


To see caudiciform presentation, please click the arrow



For information contained in this video, please click the link for the pdf.

caudiciformtalk817pdf2.pdf

Click on photographs for enlargements and more plant growing information

Caudiciforms have a thick stem called a caudex. They are my favorite "succulent family". Caudiciforms generally need less water then other succulents because of their thick caudex. Even dormant plants need water to keep their roots healthy so during their dormant period it is important not to let them dry out completely. Plants with large bulbs partially hidden under the soil or with a swollen caudiciform-base store water and nutrients in these receptacles. Leaves and vines make chlorophyll, and water and food are sent down to be stored in thickened stems and bases. As this happens, the bulb or base grows and enlarges. Plants can take regular watering at this time. When the season changes and weather cools, these plants usually go deciduous (meaning they lose their leaves). In the case of Cissus tuberosa, the "Climbing Oak," or Bowiea, the "Climbing Onion," and several other vining bulbs, the entire vine dies back and the plant is left with the attractive, characteristic bulb or base only. When leafless like this, the plant is only resting. As long as it is still hard and firm to the touch, it is fine. During this "snooze" time, the dormant plant needs very little water. It is subsisting mostly on its stored water and nutrients. When weather and light factors warrant it, the vine and/or foliage sprouts anew and grows out into an even bigger and better specimen of glossy-leafed beauty. This is the time to gradually resume regular watering and feeding. How absolutely fantastic it is to watch these unique plants go through their cyclic changes and offer you a chance to witness the changing pattern of things, as life and growth unfolds anew! Many caudiciforms are winter dormant. ADENIA going dormant have no leaves till spring. Check the dormancy table above


Adenia glauca

Adenias are caudiciforms and have a big woody stem which is called caudex. They come from Africa and Madagascar so they like to be kept over 40 degrees fahrenheit. Their sap is poisonous, and they should be handled with caution, particularly when pruning. This is a photo of a mature plant. Adenias lose their leaves in winter and begin growing again in spring. Spring/summer grower and generally lose their leaves in the fall. Click on the photo for more information


Adenia venenata

Adenia venenata is a member of the Passifloraceae family. It was given this name by Pehr Forsskål in 1775. It is found in Ethiopia, Kenya, Northern Nigeria, Somalia, Sudan, Tchad, Tanzania, Uganda and Yemen, growing in a well drained soil with some water and some to lots of sun. The caudex can grow to 60 centimetres in diameter and two meters height. The vines can reach eight metres. The tiny flowers are greenish white. Spring/summer grower and generally lose their leaves in the fall.


Adenia volkensii

Adenia volkensii is a member of the Passifloraceae family. It was described by Hermann August Theodor Harms in 1895. It is found in Tanganyika Terrace, Kenya, Somaliland, East Africa growing in a well drained soil with some water and some sun. The flowers are crème coloured. The rootstock can grow to five and a half centimetre in diameter, the plant can grow up to one and a half meter in height. Water & Sun medium. Propagate by cuttings & seeds. Spring/summer grower and generally lose their leaves in the fall.

Adenium obesum/arabicum
Sizes

Adeniums come from eastern Africa and southern Arabia. Adenium like full sun in summer with fertilizer and regular watering. In winter they should be kept above 45°F (7°C) at night with higher day temperature. Adenium obesum forms a thick, bottle-shaped caudex to a foot or more in diameter with multiple branches. Adenium obesum, is sometimes called "Desert Rose" for the profuse flowers that are 2-3" in diameter and occur in bright crimsons, reds or pinks with white centers. Pink adeniums are always arabicum. They lose their leaves in winter and begin growing again in spring.


Adenium boehmianum
4 1/2" pot $15

Adenium boehmianum is of the Apocynaceae family. They are Caudiciforms with a bulbous caudex, (thick stem) where they store water. They come from eastern Africa and southern Arabia. Adenium like full sun in summer with fertilizer and regular watering. Named in honour of Boehm  who made  the first chemical investigation in 1889 in Leipzig  and isolated a crystalline glycoside, (CsHs02), echugin (or echujiin), from the milk sap of Adenium boehmianum. This substance is a potent poison used  by  Heikom Bushmen of Namibia to poison their arrows for hunting game. Bright light with ample airflow. Requires protection from the frost. Please click photo for complete information.

Adenium socotranum $35
caudex is appx 1 1/2-2"
most are branched
they are fall growers

Adenium socotranum Origin: Endemic from from the isolated island of Socotra in the Indian Ocean south of the Arabian peninsula and east of the Horn of Africa. For many years Socotra hosted a Soviet naval port and was off limits to most everyone, restricting the availability of plants and seeds. In recent years it is accessible, but the authorities are very protective of the natural resources and it is illegal to collect plant material of any type. They lose their leaves in spring and begin growing again in fall, reverse of most adeniums. Click photo for complete information


Adenium somalense 5" pot $15

Adenium somalense is a member of the Apocynaceae family, described by Isaac Bayley Balfour. Found in Somalia, Kenya and Tanzania, growing in a well drained soil with some water and lots of sun. It will grow up to about 38 inches in diameter, and the stems will grow up to to about 15' in height. The flowers are dark pink. They lose their leaves in winter and begin growing again in spring.

Adenium swazicum 6" pot $35

Adenium swazicums are similar to adenium obesums in behavior. Be careful not to give so much water as to rot the roots but water generously and allow to dry out. Fertilize during growing season. If they become leggy, cut the stem at a pleasing height forcing it to branch out. Frost sensitive. They lose their leaves in winter and begin growing again in spring.

On Sale
Only a couple left

Beaucarnea guatamalensis
cutback 2"-4" wide
was $25 now $15

Beaucarnea guatemalensis is a tree forming caudiciform that grows relatively fast. It is from Guatemala. The cutbacks have a branching trunk that forms a large, swollen, bottle-shaped base, which increases its size as the plant grows. It's caudex can become 4-5' in diameter and 30' tall!

Beaucarnea recurvata

Beaucarnea recurvata is slow-growing. It is native to Mexico; it has a swollen base capable of growing to 6 wide with clusters of long, slender leaves produced on branch tips. The way the leaves fall make one thing of a pony tail swaying. Thus the ponytail palm which is not really a palm. This beaucarnea is over 1 foot wide. Photo is a very mature plant in the ground.

 
Begonia dregei

Begonias occur in tropical and subtropical areas, with most species in America (2 genera and over 900 species). In southern Africa there is one genus (Begonia) with five species: Begonia dregei, B. homonyma, B. geranioides, B. sonderiana and B. sutherlandii subsp. sutherlandii. Begonia dregei is rare; it occurs in forests, on rocky, mossy cliffs and steep banks, from the coast to 1 219 m altitude inland, from East London to KwaZulu-Natal. Derivation of name and historical aspects: Beginning to go dormant, September. Click photo for complete information.

Pseudobombax elipticum
Sizes
5 gallon pots
very large caudexes appx 12" wide

Bombax elipticum have a very unusual flower blooming May/June. It is actually taller than it appears in this photo. They are dormant in winter and lose their leaves. It's October and still looking good. They begin making new leaves in May.
Brighamia insignis
Hawaiian Plant
6" pot, appx 2" wide stem $25

Overgrazing, human development, and competition from invasive weeds have reduced this species to only twenty individuals in four naturally occurring populations. The extinction of its pollinator, a sphingid moth, has made it all but impossible for Brighamia insignis to reproduce. Plant conservationists go to great lengths -rappelling over steep cliff edges - to exchange pollen among plants and to collect seeds that can be grown and stored in botanical gardens and seed banks. Photo is a more mature plant. Click photo for more information.

Cephalopentandra ecirrhosa
Sizes

Cephalopentandra are caudiciforms that form a large caudex. They are in the Cucurbitaceae family. They are found in Kenya, Uganda, Somalia and Ethiopia, growing in well-drained soil with lots of water and some sun. The vines don't get that long for a Cucurbitaceae, only one meter, the caudex can get up to 60 centimetres in diameter. The flowers are white to yellow, the fruits orange. They need to be kept warm in winter. When they begin to produce leaves in spring summer give them plenty of water. It is best to water at the cooler time of day. The roots will burn if watered when it is too hot. Photo is a 1 gallon 6 year old plant.

Calibanus hookeri
3 1/2" pot $9

photo is an older more mature
plant in a 6" pot

Propagate by seeds. The Calibanus hookeri has a caudex that can reach over 3 feet in diameter. The long, bluish leaves grow on the caudex. The genus is named for Shakespeare's monster, Caliban. It contains only this species but is closely related to the genus Nolina. As many names with an 'ri' termination, the species epithet is also spelled 'hookerii'.

NEW
Corallocarpus welwitschii
caudex appx 1" $11
generally 2 or more branches

Corallocarpus welwitschii is in the family Cucurbitaceae. They are from Angola, Kenya, Namibia, So. Africa and Zaire. Corallocarpus welwitschii were given their name by Bentham and the young Hooker in 1867. It is found in Southern Africa, growing in a well drained soil with some water and some sun. The caudex can grow to 20 centimetres in diameter, the vines can reach two metres in length. The flowers are pale yellow.

Back Again
Cyphostemma cirrhosa
Sizes

This member of the Vitaceae family was given this name by Bernard M. Descoings in 1966. It is found in Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe, growing in a well drained soil with some water and some to lots of sun. The caudex can grow to 30 centimetres in diameter, the vines up to five meters long. The flowers are greenish-yellow.  

Cyphostemma cirrhosa x currori

Cyphostemma cirrhosa x currori is a member of the Vitaceae family. It was given this name by Bernard M. Descoings in 1967. It is found in Angola, Namibia and northern South Africa, growing in a well drained soil with some water and some to lots of sun. The stem can grow to almost 6' in diameter. the vines up to five meters long. The flowers are pale-yellow.  

Cyphostemma juttae
aka Cissus juttae
Sizes

Cyphostemma juttae, native to Namibia, forms an interesting caudiciform shape with a thick, conical caudex. Trunk has peeling bark and is topped with gray-green succulent leaves that are very serrated along the margins. This plant, is known as "Basterkobas" in its native habitat, and is in the Grape Family, Vitaceae. Forms red, non-edible "grapes" after flowering. Can grow to 5' or more in time. Grows faster if planted directly in the ground. Click the photo for more information.

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Cyphostemma mappia
Rare plant
Sizes
Cyphostemma mappia are in the family Vitaceae. cyphostemma mappia are from Mauritius south of Africa. Water rarely in winter. In growing season water regularly but allow to dry out and then water. Plant in gravel and soil. Give them sun. In winter keep at 60 degrees F. would be ideal.
 
Cyphostemma sandersonii
6" pot $25

berries are turning red
Cyphostemma sandersonii is a member of the Vitaceae family. It was  given this name  by Bernard M. Descoings in 1967 (after steeling it from William Henry Harvey, who called it a Cissus). It is from Southern Africa, where it grows in well drained soil with quite some water and not too much sun. The flowers are green. Cyphostemma sandersonii can be reproduced by seeds or cuttings.
NEW
Cyphostemma seitziana
3" pot $45
Cyphostemma seitziana is a member of the Vitaceae family. It was given this name by Bernard M. Descoings in 1967. It is found in the western central Namibia, growing in the heights in a well drained soil with some water and lots of sun. The caudex can grow to 28" wide, the whole plant to 20". The flowers are greenish yellow to dark pink.

Dendrosicyos socratana
appx 1" caudex $60

Dendrosicyos socratana has a bulbous trunk and a small crown. It was first described by "Isaac Bayley Balfour" in 1882. A recent molecular phylogenetic analysis of the family Cucurbitaceae found that the Dendrosicyos lineage is about twice as old as the island, and thus seems to be an island relict of a progenitor lineage that went extinct on the mainland. The leaves are nearly round, covered with fine bristles, and slightly toothed. Please click photo for more information.

Dioscorea elephantipes
Sizes
Dioscorea elephantipes lose their leaves in summer so that it can conserve energy. The stems are climbers and the leaves are heart shaped. They flower in May/June, a pale green/yellow flower. They are found on the Western Cape. The caudex can grow to 9 feet. Dioscorea elephantipes can live for 70 years in cultivation. Lightly water in summer months because Dioscorea elephantipes needs to rest. In their natural environment Click photo for more information.

 

Dioscorea elephantipes
appx 5-6" wide
we would leave some of the vine
cutting off the long branches
for shipment
Dioscorea hemicrypta
1/2-1" caudex $17
Dioscorea hemicrypta is a member of the Dioscoreaceae family and was described by Isaac Henry Burkill in 1952. It is found in South Africa, in the Calitzdorp area, growing in well drained soil with some water and some sun. I grow mine in part shade. The caudex can grow up to 50 centimetres in diameter and 1,5 meter height. The vines will reach four meters or more. The flowers are greenish. This is a winter grower.

 

Dioscorea sylvatica
some caudices look like mushrooms
Sizes

Dioscorea sylvatica responds well to cultivation and makes an easy and unusual houseplant. Plants even five to ten years old are extremely nice. Vigorous, annual climbing stems can grow to as much as 4 or 5 meters in a season, however these can be trained quite comfortably around a wire hoop set in a pot when grown indoors. Exposure: It prefers light shade, keep the caudex in the shade. Please click photo for MORE info!

Dorstenia foetida 3" pot $10
photo is more mature plant in 6" pot
plants are flatter w/more leaves
spring/summer grower

Dorstenia are members of the Moraceae family. Most succulent species come from Africa, thus they require warmth. Their minimum average temperature should be 55°FThey are Endemic to Socotra island. They grow up to 8 feet tall (2.5 m), trunk up to 2 feet in diameter (60 cm) or more. Keep dry when they have no leaves. Click photo for complete information.

Dorstenia hildebrandtii

 


Dorstenia hildebrandtii are in the Moraceae family. They were described by Heinrich Gustav Adolf Engler in 1894. It is found in Kenya, Uganda, Zaire, Burundi, Rwanda, Mozambique and Tanzania, growing in a well-drained soil, with quite some water and some sun. The caudex can grow to about 1 1/2" inches in diameter, the stems reach for about 26" tall. The flowers are green/brown, and it can be reproduced by cuttings as well.

Sorry Sold out
Dorstenia horwoodi

Dorstenia horwoodi grow in Somalia in Nugaal Province, east of the village of Eyl, on the limestone plateau overlooking the Indian Ocean, 100–150 metres above sea level. Dorstenia horwoodii grow nested in rock cracks and very small holes on top of huge boulders, on the limestone plateau.  In habitat it grows to about 2” tall (more in cultivation). It produces a new flush of silvery green, remarkably nice, decorative crisped and crenulate leaves in spring turning to autumnal golden before they shed.  Click photo for more info.

NEW
Dorstenia sp. Mait Escarpment
3 1/2" pot $30
Dorstenia Mait Escarpment are members of the Moraceae family coming from The Mait Escarpment in Somalia. Their minimum average temperature should be 40°F. This plant is native to the Mait Escarpment in Somalia. Their bodies are mostly green with some gray.  Their wrinkled leaves are a Light green color.  Grow in part shade.  Water more heavily in summer and keep drier in winter.  Click photo for complete information.
Back AGain
Dorstenia zanzibarica
appx 2" caudex
1 gallon pot $25

Dorstenia zanzibarica are from Kenya (Taita and Chyulu Hills), Tanzania (Mounts Meru and Kilimanjaro and the Usambara and Uluguru Mountains)  Altitude range: 800-2400 metres above sea level.  Dorstenia zanzibarica are found on rocks, cliffs in ground humus, rarely epiphytic; in various habitats from mossy forest to succulent and deciduous bushland or thickets. This is a widespread species often found in disturbed habitats. Click photo for more info.

Gerrardanthus lobatus

Gerrardanthus lobatus is in the Cucurbitaceae family. It was given this name by Charles Jeffrey in 1962. It is found in Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania and Uganda, growing in a rich and well drained soil with some to lots of water and some to lots of sun. The caudex can grow to 50 centimetres or more, the vines can reach six metres. The flowers are brownish yellow.

Gerrardanthus machrorrizus
Sizes

Gerrardanthus machrorrizus is a member of the Cucurbitaceae family and look similar to a grape ivy. They come from southern Africa and were first described by Benth &Hooker, and then by William Henry Harvey in 1867. Use fast draining rich soil. Partial shade/partial sun.The caudex can grow up to 1.5 meters, and the vines more than 10 meters. Latin name from Greek: Big Foot!

Gonolobus cyclophyllus
NOW Matelea cyclophylla

Gonolobus are in the Asclepiadaceae Family. They come from Mexico, from Jalisco to Oaxaca. The Gonolobus cyclophylla is cultivated mostly for its corky caudex. The flowers are 1 inch in diameter (2.5 cm) brown and, as many other asclepiads that use flies as pollinators, smelling like carrion. They come in summer. If they are pollinated they produced a seed pod. Click photo for more information.

low inventory
Please check before ordering

Ibervillea lindheimeri
8 " pot $45

Ibervillea sonorae peninsularis is in the  Cucurbitaceae family. Edward Lee  Green gave it it's name in 1895. It is found in Sonora, Mexico where it grows in well-drained grit, using a lot of water in the growing-period. Keep the caudex in the shade. It can grow to about 2' in diameter, vines up to about 10 feet. The flower is yellow, the berries red, and it's possible to make cuttings. It is dioecious. Click photo for more information. Ibervillea lindheimeri

On SALE $10
Ibervillea sonorae peninsularis
caudex appx 3/4"

Ibervillea sonorae peninsularis is in the  Cucurbitaceae family. Edward Lee  Green gave it it's name in 1895. It is found in Sonora, Mexico where it grows in well-drained grit, using a lot of water in the growing-period. Keep the caudex in the shade. It can grow to about 2' in diameter, vines up to about 10 feet. The flower is yellow, the berries red, and it's possible to make cuttings. It is dioecious. Click photo for more information. Ibervillea lindheimeri

Idria columnaris 3" pot $7

Idria columnaris, native to Arizona, Mexico and Baja California, is commonly known as the "Boojum" tree. In habitat, this bizarre xerophyte grows to 40' or more in height. Often forms forests, and grows alongside Yuccas, Pachycereus pringlei ("Cardon") and Ocotillo. As this plant grows skyward, it forms a single, tapering trunk with short pencil-like, spiny branches with deciduous leaves. Click photo for more information.

Ipomoea albivenia
Sizes
The Wild Cotton is a vigorous, perennial, deciduous climber growing up to 32 feet long. Ipomoea albivenia belong to the morning glory family (Convolvulaceae). Its botanical name (Ipomoea albivenia) is derived from the Greek ips (a worm) and homoios (meaning like / same) referring to the trailing / creeping habit of the plant. The species name, albivenia, is Latin meaning "white-veined" and refers to the leaves which are large, velvety and heart-shaped with distinctive white hairs on the veins. Click photo for more info.
New
Ipomoea carnea $9
Ipomoea carnea is a member of the Convolvulaceae family. it's origin is Africa growing in a well drained soil with some water and some sun. The flowers are a lilac color. It is a bush morning glory.

Ipomoea longituba
This member of the Convolvulaceae family was described by Johannes Gottfried Hallier in 1898. It is found in Kenya, Tanganyika and Uganda, growing in a well drained soil with some water and some sun. The caudex can grow to fifteen centimetres in diameter, the branches up to one meter. The flowers are white.
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Ipomoea platensis
6" pot $15

This member of the Convolvulaceae family was first described by John Bellenden Ker Gawler in 1818. It is from Paraguay, Uruguay and Argentina. Give it a well-drained soil, keep it moist and keep it out of the full sun. The caudex will grow to more than half a meter, the vines reach for more than 4 meters. The bell-shaped flowers are pink, and it can easy be reproduced by cuttings as well.

NEW lower price
Jatropha berlandieri 
now $6" pot $25, was $30
caudex appx 3"
Jatropha berlandieri  is a member of the Euphorbiaceae family.  It is aka Jatropha Buddah Belly, Baseball Plant.  It’s origin is Texas, Mexico, Central America.  Grows scattered among the brush mainly on clay soil in hot, arid regions. This is a caudiciform plant adapted to prolonged periods of drought it can store water and survive many months without rain.
Kedrostis africana

Kedrostis africana is a member of the Cucurbitaceae family. It was given this name by Célestin Alfred Cogniaux in 1881, and is found in Africa. It prefers well-drained soil, lots of water in the growing-period and some sun, but not necessary much. The small flowers are yellow, and it can also be reproduced by cuttings. The caudex can grow to about 20 inches in diameter, and the vines reaches 20'.

Mestoklema arboriforme Mestoklema arboriforme is a shrubby mesemb growing to 18-24 inches tall from the arid northern Cape of South Africa and into Namibia. Develops a miniature tree-like habit with a gnarled caudex that has smooth red bark; makes a very showy container plant, especially once the tuberous roots develop. Grow with tuberous roots in soil to develop size, then lift plant and replant with roots exposed. Keep twiggy stems trimmed for best look. The small yellow-orange flowers appear in spring. Very dry growing. Plant is full sun or bright shade. Is cold tolerant to at least the low 20s° F. Click the photo for complete information.
Mestoklema species
tuberosa or arboriforme
3 1/2" pot $4
variety depends on availability
Mestoklema tuberosa is a member of the Aizoaceae family. It was given this name by Nicholas Edward Brown in 1981. It is found on the Eastern Cape Province of the Republic of South Africa, growing in grit or other well drained soil with little water and lots of sun. The swollen roots, each four centimetres in diameter will form clusters up to 20 centimetres in diameter. The plant can grow to 60 centimetres in height. The flowers are reddish, pink or salmon, and the plant can be reproduced both by seeds and cuttings.

Myrmecodia beccarii
Myrmecodia are unusual caudices producing tropical plants. Myrmecodia are Ant plants that are epiphytes in nature, but can also be grown in a pot in sphagnum moss fiber or orchid bark mix. It likes bright light, high humidity, and average water. It is a tropical plant, avoid freezing temperatures. Those are aerial roots that you see. Species will depend on availability
Myrmecodia tuberosa
4" pot $20
Myrmecodia tuberosa are unusual caudex producing tropical plants. Myrmecodia tuberosa are Ant plants that are epiphytes in nature, but can also be grown in a pot in sphagnum moss fiber or orchid bark mix. It likes bright light, high humidity, and average water. It is a tropical plant, avoid freezing temperatures.
NEW
Obetia ficifolia
3 1/2" pot $12

Information here about Obetia ficifoliacomes from Clément Duret´s two year study of this species in the wild. This member of the Urticaceae family was first described Savigny in 1798, then renamed by Charles Gaudichaud-Beaupré in 1844. Obetia ficifolia is endemic to Réunion and Rodriguez islands. On Réunion Island the species grows mainly in the lee regions at low and middle altitude, generally on rock-cliffs, on basalt rampart-formations, and in ravines. Please click photo for complete information

Operculicarya decaryi
Elephant Tree - Natural Bonsai

Sizes

Operculicarya decaryi is a small tree in the cashew or sumac family, the Anacardiaceae, that has a thick bumpy and twisted trunk, zigzagging branches and alternate odd-pinnate leaves with tiny shiny dark green rounded leaflets, that are often beautifully tinged red in cooler weather. Click photo for more information.


Plectranthus ernestii
Plectranthus ernstii (Bonsai Mint) - A small sub-shrub that grows to about 18 inches tall with very swollen jointed gray stems, small slightly felty aromatic green leaves and light lilac-colored flowers that appear mid spring to late fall. Plant in full to part sun in a well-drained soil. Water regularly. Hardy only to a light frost - this plant is best put under protection when temperatures drop much below freezing. The quite distinctive caudex makes this plant an great addition to a container succulent garden or as an interesting bonsai plant. click photo for more information
Petopentia natalensis
formerly Fockea tugalensis
Sizes

The underside of the leaves are generally purple when exposed to the sun. This plant is extraordinarily beautiful with it's leaves and caudex which gets larger and more exciting as it grows. Spring/summer grower. Petopentia natalensis is a member of the Periploceceae family. It was given this name by Arthur Allman Bollock in 1954. It's found in Southern Africa. Petopentia prefer a rich soil, lots of water and sun in the growing season. The caudex can grow at least to 12 inches in diameter, the vines can reach 20 feet or more.

Pterodiscus aurantiacus

This member of the Pedaliaceae family was given this name by Friedrich Martin Josef Welwitsch in 1869. It is found in Angola, Botswana and Namibia, growing in a well drained but sometimes clay rich soil with some water and some sun. The stem can grow to 1 1/4" wide by 11" high. The flowers are bright orange, and can have a darker centre.

Pterodiscus makatini

Pterodiscus ngamicus is perennial herbaceous plant with a short, perennial caudex . At the top of the caudex year shoots are formed in each growing season. These can be up to 50 cm long. The stalked leaves are slightly succulent and very different shapes in the leaf blade. Click photo for complete information.

Pyrenacantha malvifolia
appx 3" caudex $45

The flowers are unisexual (plants di- or monoecious) or bisexual. Bisexual flowers are usual found at the base of male flowers, the female in tiny clusters along the stems. With both sexes, the plant can self fertilize. I got seeds on a two year old cutting, which do form a perfect caudex. Click photo for complete information.

Raphionacme flanagani 3" pot $7
caudex 1/2"-1"

Raphionacme flanaganii are originally from Africa. Raphionacme flanaganii are the fastest growing and most common of the Raphionacme family. In summer their vines can grow to 1 yard long. They form large roots quickly and produce vines annually with tiny flowers that will tolerate a hot and bright exposure but the roots should be shaded if possible. Keep fairly dry in winter.

Sinningia bullata
3 1/2" pot $10
color varies

Sinningia bullata are in the Gesneriaceae family. They have Bright orange flowers dotted red produced throughout the year. Small bright green leaves with interesting bubbly texture, wooly white underneath. Tuber forming. Easy to grow. Native to Santa Catarina area of Brazil.
Sinningia iarae
losing leaves to the cold nights
3 1/2" pot $10
Sinningia iarae are of the Gesneriaceae family. It was described by Alain Chautems in 1995. Well-drained grit, some water and some sun. The stems will reach for 40 centimetres from a six centimetre caudex. The flowers are pink, and the tiny seeds are the only way of reproducing. The plants are from Sao Paulo, Brazil. Their SubFamily is Gesnerioideae, Tribe: Gloxineae

Sinningia leucotricha
sometime in fall

Reichsteinaria (Sinningia) leucotricha, native to Brazil, forms a beautiful specimen with obovate leaves densely covered with shimmery silvery hairs. Slowly grows to form large "caudex", making it a highly desirable collector's specimen. Beautiful delicate apricot tubular flowers. In habitat, is found growing on cliffs near waterfalls. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Bright, filtered light with ample airflow. Drench thoroughly when soil is dry. If possible, Protect from frost. Member of the Gesneriaceae family. Please click photo for more information.


Sinningia leucotricha hybrid

Sinningia leucotricha hybrid is a result of plants being close enough for a mixup of plants. We don't know which two got together. We only know the result. This is info about leucotricha. aka Reichsteinaria (Sinningia) leucotricha, native to Brazil, forms a beautiful specimen with obovate leaves densely covered with shimmery silvery hairs. Slowly grows to form large "caudex", making it a highly desirable collector's specimen. Beautiful delicate apricot tubular flowers. In habitat, is found growing on cliffs near waterfalls. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Bright, filtered light with ample airflow. Drench thoroughly when soil is dry. Click photo for more information.

Trichodiadema bulbosum

The genus Trichodiadema is part of Aizoaceae family synonymous with Mesembryanthemaceae, which also includes the various forms of plants known as Ice Plants and those known as Mimicry Plants. Trichodiadema bulbosum, native to South Africa, forms very succulent shrublets with deep emerald leaves that have a "crystalline" texture and tufty bristles at the the tips. The stems branch heavily to produce a small shrub with roots that thicken in time to form caudex-like tubers. CLICK photo for more information.


Tylosema fassoglensis

 

Uncarina grandidieri
3 1/2" pot $8

Uncarina grandidieri (Succulent Sesame) - Uncarina grandidieri is a most attractive plant. The species is named in honor of Alfred Grandidier (1836-1921), an intrepid explorer and collector in Madagascar. The flower resembles a large Petunia in form and is bright yellow with a dark throat, as in the "Black Eyed Susan Vine" (Thunbergia alata). The leaves are deciduous during the winter resting season. The fruit has small inwardly pointed barbs mounted on 3/4" pedicels. Don't touch this fruit unless you want to spend some time trying to remove it. No joke, my fingers have been stuck to it. Please click photos for complete information.

Uncarina 'Peltata' hybrid
8" pot appx 2' tall - $45
flowering now, outside of Ca & Az
may require additional freight

Full sun to light shade, Origin: Madagascan caudiciform with seed pods with spines. They get stuck to your fingers. Better not to pick up. Uncarina peltata is of the Pedaliaceae family. They come from northern to western Madagascar. they grow in a rich and well drained soil. they require water and some sun. The swollen stem can grow to fifteen centimetres in diameter and reach for one to three metres when grown in ground in similar climate. The plants I put in the ground in San Diego about 7 years ago are probably 6 feet wide, 4' feet hight with a caudex of about 20". The flowers are yellow with deep purple inside.

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Uncarina roeoesliana
Sizes

Uncarina Roesliana are from Madagascar, they grow and flower well in full sun, water abundantly but allow to dry out between watering. Uncarina Roesliana flower during warmer months, yet this year they were growing and flowering into late December. Uncarina have a very interesting seed pod. DON'T TOUCH the SEED PODS. The seed pods will stick to your fingers. Just take my word for it.

Uncarina stellulifera

Uncarina stellulifera is a genus of plant in family Pedaliaceae found in Madagascar. I have grown them in my greenhouse in the winter and I put them outside spring into the fall. In November, I will likely bring them into the greenhouse. Most of the plants have a LAVENDER flower while others were yellow with purple centers. I can guarantee that the plant will look like this. If perhaps, I am naming it incorrectly, please let me know.

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